Top 4 Types of Compaction Tools
Compaction equipment is a tool used to compact or compress different material at a work site together with vertical compactors. Different tools are used at various construction locations for some reasons, such as compaction of waste before disposing or compressing the loose soil at the place before commencing actual construction work. The most common use of compaction equipment is the compression of loose soil at the work site. It is therefore essential to note that the type of soil is the most important consideration when selecting the most efficient type of gear to be used. The different soil types to be compacted are in different categories as per their grain size. Therefore, the effectiveness of the tools you use is entirely determined by the ground type.
There are three main categories of soil types that are taken into consideration when selecting the most appropriate tool which includes;
• Granular soil: Granular soils have larger grain sizes and as a result are more spaced, they, therefore, require a stronger equipment with greater force.
• Cohesive soil: Cohesive soils have the smallest grain size and are more tightly bound hence require minimal power from the equipment
• Organic soil: Has average soil particles thus need average energy compaction equipment.
There are four types of compaction tools;
1. The Rammer
The rammer is designed to offer a high impact force. It is hence the most efficient compaction equipment to employ for cohesive and semi-cohesive soil types in a work area. It has a frequency range of about 500 to 700 blows per minute hence offering maximum condensation. It normally consists of a small diesel or gasoline engine powering a large piston with a set of two springs. Rammers are useful for three types of compaction processes that include vibration, impact, and kneading. The Rotobale Compaction – EMD website can provide you with additional resources.
2. Forward Plate Compactor
The forward plate compactor is a high frequency and small amplitude type of equipment that is designed mainly for the granular soils in a work area. It consists of a diesel or gasoline powered engine driving one or two weights at a relatively high speed hence developing the appropriate force. The machine has a plate whose size determines the amount of condensation employed. It operates at around 2500 to 6000 vibrations per minute.
3. Reverse Plate Compactor
The reverse plate compactor has two eccentric plates to allow for the smooth transition between forward and reverse travel. The plates increase the force due to the combined weight of the two eccentric weights. This machine is ideal for semi-cohesive soils due to the weight and force employed. Unlike the forward plate compactor, the reverse plate compactor can be stopped during an operation to allow spot compaction.
4. The Rollers
These rollers are essential during road construction soil compression. Some of the common types of rollers are the walk-behind and the ride-on rollers. For efficient compaction, it advisable to analyze the ground and get the most appropriate equipment for the soil type.